A literature review for a dissertation paper is the chapter which is supposed to provide the professor with the information about the sources which have been used for the research of the problem. Obviously, the process of writing is quite a troublesome one and the student will need the professional hint for the successful organization of the literature review. One is able to look through the free dissertation literature review writing tips and understand how to do the section in the appropriate way.
Step One: Find the Sources
The primary task of the student is to find the required sources – books and scientific periodicals which will be useful for the research. It is natural that one should look them through and understand their informative value and usefulness in the process of the analysis. Only if one has read the sources, he will be able to prepare a critical discussion of the books and journals used for writing. The student should be very careful and attentive and remember about the fact that a literature review chapter is not a simple presentation or description of the sources, but a critical explanation and evaluation of the usefulness of the articles for the student’s dissertation paper.
Step Two: Find the Similarities and Differences between Authors
It is obvious that the student will not use only two or three books for writing his great dissertation, as the number of sources can be more than thirty and it is quite difficult to group such a big number of sources in the logical way. The primary task is to define the possible similarities and differences in the looks and approach towards the issue of the different authors. One can divide the sources into three piles – the similar views, opposite views and neutral or original views. It will be easier to select arguments and evidence comparing the similar ideas of different writers about the problem under research.
Step Three: Compare Your and Authors’ Ideas
One is supposed to illustrate in what way the author’s approach and methods of the research meet his own ideas concerning the research of the problem. The student should state that he agrees with the point of view of one scholar and disagrees with the second one and clarify his decision. The idea of dissertation writing lies not just in the original research of the matter but in the ability to use the experience of the previous years in tandem with the student’s up-to-date thoughts.
Step Four: Summarize and Evaluate the Sources
The young professional will have to state how the sources have helped him to research the problem. One should dwell on the strong and the weak sides of different books and define the most effective one which have left the solid trace in the dissertation. Naturally, the analysis of the sources should be objective and precise in order to provide the professor with the reliable and valid information.
Step Five: Organize the Sources Logically
The final student’s duty is to organize the books and periodicals in the logical way. There are several ways of arranging sources in the literature review – in the alphabetical (starting from the A letter of the alphabet concerning the surname of the author) or thematic order (if the topic is a broad one).